Reforming the Use of Solitary Confinement: A Conversation

The Vera Institute of Justice hosted this conversation between two people on the front lines of the movement to rethink solitary confinement in the U.S.—and the potential for reform.

Bill Keller, The Marshall Project

Commissioner W. David Guice
Division of Adult Correction and Juvenile Justice, North Carolina Department of Public Safety

Danny Murillo
Soros Justice Advocacy Fellow, The Opportunity Institute


Solitary Confinement

Common Misconceptions and Emerging Safe Alternatives

While the precise number of people held on any given day in what’s commonly called solitary confinement—though also known as segregated or restricted housing—is not known with any certainty, estimates run between 80,000 to 100,000 in state and federal prisons. However, evidence mounts that the practice produces many unwanted and harmful outcomes—fo ...

  • Alison Shames, Jessa Wilcox, Ram Subramanian
May 12, 2015
AP Photo/Jessica Hill

Beyond Access

Advancing Racial Equity and Inclusion in Prison Education Programs

The July 2023 return of Pell Grant eligibility for all people in prisons brings not only a monumental shift in opportunity but also a responsibility to ensure that everyone—regardless of race or ethnicity—gets access to that opportunity and the support to make use of it. To bridge the gap between promising practices for advancing equity in postseco ...

  • ​Allan Wachendorfer, Kayla James, Eurielle Kiki, Niloufer Taber
February 01, 2024

Restoring Promise Implementation Toolkit

Opening housing units for young adults built on human dignity

This Restoring Promise Implementation Toolkit is a roadmap for corrections agencies interested in supporting the success of young adults (ages 18–25) by creating specialized housing units rooted in human dignity and restorative practices. The toolkit guides agencies through a nine-month process to opening a young adult housing unit, organized in fi ...

January 31, 2024