Incarceration Trends in


This fact sheet provides at-a-glance information about how many people are locked up in both state prisons and county jails and shows where the state stands on a variety of metrics, so that policymakers and the public can better determine where to target reforms.

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Key Facts

Total Number of People in County Jails and State Prisons, 2015
Explore your state's use of local jails and state prisons.


Rightsizing the New York City Department of Correction While Helping a Struggling Workforce

As overstaffing drives New York City’s jail overspending and plans to close Rikers Island loom, the time to begin funding workforce transition programs for Department of Correction (DOC) officers is now. The move from Rikers to the better designed borough-based system will further diminish demand for officers; unless DOC begins acting, the uniforme ...

  • Benjamin Heller, Brian King, Will McKeithen, Chantal Polinsky
May 17, 2024

With 12 Deaths in 2024, LA Jails Continue Deadly Trend

Fifty-seven people have died in LA County jails since the start of 2023.

How are people dying? Los Angeles County has not yet publicly issued causes of death for everyone who has died in county jails in recent months. However, even once autopsy reports are finalized, they don’t tell the whole story: when the coroner rules that a death is the result of “natural causes,” jail conditions can still be to blame. Researchers ...

  • Sam McCann
    Sam McCann
May 15, 2024