The New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA) is conducting an internal review of its policies related to permanent exclusions for criminal conduct on NYCHA property.
Permanent exclusion (PE) occurs when a NYCHA tenant—rather than risk eviction—enters into a stipulation that those associated with the resident who have engaged in non-desirable behavior are barred from entering the apartment. It also occurs as a result of an administrative hearing where NYCHA seeks an eviction, but the hearing officer opts to preserve the tenancy and bars the offending person from the apartment.
To inform this policy review, NYCHA partnered with the Vera Institute of Justice and John Jay College of Criminal Justice. The review sought to understand how NYCHA could better balance its commitments to the safety of the community, the stability of its tenants’ families, and the successful reentry of formerly incarcerated people.
The following recommendations reflect an extensive review of existing policies and practices around PE, interviews with NYCHA staff, a meeting with NYCHA residents, and social science research on risk mitigation and future offending.
As a landlord, NYCHA has a commitment to maintain the safety of its residents, but must also recognize the important role of families and housing for people involved with the criminal justice system when considering permanent exclusions.
Permanent exclusion policies and practices should honor NYCHA’s obligations to provide safe housing for tenants by focusing on reducing the risk of violent harm to the public housing community.
NYCHA should recognize that permanent exclusion of minors and young adults pose special challenges and must be handled differently than the permanent exclusion of adult residents.
NYCHA’s policies and practices should be clearly stated, made broadly and readily available, and be transparently applied.
In 2014, 200 people applied to lift a permanent exclusion and 85 (43%) were lifted.
In a sample of cases reviewed by NYCHA in 2015, approximately 65% of people who were permanently excluded were unauthorized occupants of an apartment at the time of the exclusion.
Opening Doors to Public Housing
Expanding Access for People with Conviction Histories
Vera, which is guiding implementation of the largest public housing reentry pilot program in the country, is launching a national project to assist public housing authorities, community supervision agencies, and reentry service providers to work together to promote family reunification and successful reentry outcomes for formerly incarcerated peopl...
Close to Home
Building on Family Support for People Leaving Jail
Most research and programming about incarcerated people and their family support systems focus on prison settings. Because jail is substantially different from prison—most notably, time served there is usually shorter—it is not clear that policies and practices that work in prisons can be applied successfully in jails. This report describes the Fam...
Housing and Employment Opportunities within the Housing Authority of New Orleans (HANO)
Having a criminal record can significantly decrease a person’s chances of finding housing and employment. The Housing Authority of New Orleans (HANO) seeks to provide housing and employment opportunities for people with criminal records, while also keeping communities safe and healthy. Through research and policy guidance, Vera along with sev...