The challenges of accessing services for alcohol and other drug use in South Dakota may have contributed to the state’s high percentage of people convicted of low-level nonviolent offenses, particularly for drug or alcohol related offenses. To minimize these challenges, especially for parolees and probationers residing in the state’s vast rural areas, the state worked with local providers to pilot a teleconferencing program aimed at connecting people to community-based services without the cost and barrier of transportation or other access issues. This brief describes the issues people on parole or probation encounter and the solutions the state developed to address them. It is the second brief in a series of three that focuses on the Justice Reinvestment Initiative (JRI)—an initiative funded by the U.S. Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), in partnership with the Pew Charitable Trusts. JRI is a data-driven approach to improve public safety, examine corrections and related criminal justice spending, manage and allocate criminal justice populations in a more cost-effective manner, and reinvest savings in strategies that can hold system-involved people accountable, decrease crime, and strengthen neighborhoods. At least 30 states have engaged in this process.
How South Dakota overcame the challenge of delivering treatment services across vast distances may serve as a guide for interested jurisdictions facing similar issues and hoping to start a similar program.
Substance use is a known risk factor for re-offending and people with substance use disorders are more likely to be arrested or to violate the terms of their supervision in the community if they have limited or no access to treatment services.
The South Dakota Department of Social Services (DSS) is attempting to address the numerous barriers that both rural and urban residents face in accessing treatment, including the cost of and access to transportation, and personal inhibitions (such as anxiety or perceived stigma) toward attending in-person counseling.
People convicted of nonviolent offenses made up 61% of South Dakota’s prison population in 2012.
Of the 1,186 people admitted to South Dakota’s prison in fiscal year 2012 for a new conviction, 22% were convicted of driving under the influence and 31% for a drug offense.
A growing number of government-funded resources are available to jurisdictions planning to implement a telehealth solution to deliver mental health and substance use services.
Justice Reinvestment Initiative
Justice reinvestment is a data-driven approach to corrections policy that seeks to cut spending and reinvest savings in practices that have been empirically shown to improve safety and hold offenders accountable. As part of the Justice Reinvestment Initiative (JRI), Vera provides technical assistance to states seeking to apply the approach to their...
Bridging the Divide
Improving Parole Outcomes for Native Americans in South Dakota
The tribal parole program in South Dakota is aimed at solving a problem common to many jurisdictions: providing effective supervision to Native Americans who leave prison and return to live on tribal lands. This brief describes the issues that tribal communities face and how they are working together with the state government to provide effective s...
JRI takes a bite
$3.3 billion. That’s the total projected savings to be generated by the Justice Reinvestment Initiative (JRI) across 17 states, according to a new report from the Urban Institute. As a technical assistance provider under JRI, the Vera Institute of Justice works with states to analyze their criminal justice systems to develop policies that target th...