Events / Neil A. Weiner Research Speaker Series

Why Prison Building Will Continue to Boom in Rural America

Past Event
Tuesday, Jul 11, 2017
12:30 PM — 1:30 PM
Vera Institute of Justice


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For the past 50 years, America has been extraordinarily busy building prisons. Since 1970 we have tripled the total number of facilities, adding more than 1,200 new prisons to the landscape. This building boom has taken place across the country but is largely concentrated in rural southern towns. In 2007, Prof. John M. Eason moved his family to Forrest City, Arkansas, in search of answers to key questions about this trend: Why is America building so many prisons? Why now? And why in rural areas? Eason quickly learned that rural demand for prisons is complicated. Towns like Forrest City choose to build prisons not simply in hopes of landing jobs or economic wellbeing, but also to protect and improve their reputations. For some rural leaders, fostering a prison in their town is a means of achieving order in a rapidly changing world. Taking us into the decision-making meetings and tracking the impact of prisons on economic development, poverty, and race, Eason demonstrates how groups of elite whites and black leaders share power. Situating prisons within dynamic shifts that rural economies are undergoing and showing how racially diverse communities lobby for prison construction, Eason's new book Big House on the Prairie is a remarkable glimpse into the ways a prison economy takes shape and operates.

John Major Eason is as an assistant professor in the Department of Sociology at Texas A&M University with interests in crime, race, rural sociology, the sociology of punishment, and urban sociology. Before receiving his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago, he worked as a church-based community organizer focusing on housing and criminal justice issues and served as a political organizer most notably for then-Illinois State Senator Barack Obama. Professor Eason’s book with the University of Chicago press—Big House on the Prairie: Rise of the Rural Ghetto and Prison Proliferation—investigates the causes and consequences of U.S. prison building.