Fines in Sentencing A Study of the Use of the Fine as a Criminal Sanction


This 1984 report presents findings from an exploratory study of law and practice with respect to the use of fines as a sanction for criminal offenses. The principal sources of empirical data are a national phone survey of administrators in 126 trial courts in 21 states; site visits for interviews and observation to 38 courts in seven states; and examination of a sample of case records in New York City's five limited and five general jurisdiction trial courts.


Representation Matters

No Child Should Appear in Immigration Proceedings Alone

Each year, thousands of immigrant children are placed into court proceedings in which government prosecutors seek to deport them unless those children can prove they have a right to stay in the United States. Many face these immigration proceedings alone. Many children have legal options that establish their ability to remain in the United States, ...

  • Alyssa Snider, Becca DiBennardo
December 23, 2021
Photo by Alex Burness/The Colorado Independent.

Bans on Holiday Cards and $30 Phone Calls—the Isolation of Prison

The way the United States separates people who are incarcerated from loved ones has always been harsh, and the COVID-19 pandemic has only made an already stressful situation worse. Since the pandemic began nearly two years ago, many of the nearly two million people incarcerated haven’t seen their loved ones—not even on a video call. And speaking w ...

Blog Post
  • Nazish Dholakia
    Nazish Dholakia
December 21, 2021
Blog Post