Fines in Sentencing A Study of the Use of the Fine as a Criminal Sanction


This 1984 report presents findings from an exploratory study of law and practice with respect to the use of fines as a sanction for criminal offenses. The principal sources of empirical data are a national phone survey of administrators in 126 trial courts in 21 states; site visits for interviews and observation to 38 courts in seven states; and examination of a sample of case records in New York City's five limited and five general jurisdiction trial courts.


Compassion, Not Confinement

How States and Localities Can Help Ensure Humane Housing for Unaccompanied Immigrant Children Awaiting Family Reunification

In the first five months of 2021, about 65,000 children were apprehended by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) after arriving in the United States unaccompanied by a parent or legal guardian. These children come to the United States seeking protection, stability, and a chance to reunite with their families, but are instead processed at federa ...

  • Shaina Aber, Lauren Esterle, Derek Loh
June 16, 2021