New York has recently made some strides to reduce its incarcerated population. But to end mass incarceration, New York must address both the number of people entering jails and prisons and the amount of time they spend there. These four fact sheets outline how funding statewide pretrial services, enacting “second-look” laws, expanding earned time credit programs, and ending mandatory minimums can reduce New York’s jail and prison population, address racial disparities in sentencing, and allow for reinvestments in our communities.