12 People Have Died in New York City Jails in 2022

Erica Bryant Associate Director of Writing
Aug 16, 2022
Image courtesy of the #HALTsolitary Campaign.

Another person has died in New York City’s abominable jails, marking a total of 12 in-custody deaths in 2022. On Monday, August 15, Ricardo Cruciani was found dead of an apparent suicide on Rikers Island. There have been three suicides in New York City jails this year alone.

Rikers Island, the city’s sprawling eight-jail complex and the most extensive jail system in the country, is a well-documented humanitarian disaster, yet judges and prosecutors continue to send people there to await trial. As of August 15, 2022, there were 4,886 people waiting for their day in court in the dehumanizing conditions of New York City jails. Of them, 1,241 had been waiting for trial for more than one year.

A federal monitor has described a “pervasive level of disorder and chaos” at Rikers Island. People who have experienced its jails call it a torture chamber, where everything is designed to dehumanize and degrade.

Waiting to go to court should never be a death sentence. Every person who has died in New York City jails this year was a human being who deserved dignity and respect.

  1. Tarz Youngblood, 38, was a father of three. Corrections officers were not monitoring the location where he was held in the hours before he died. Four incarcerated people carried him out of a cell where he was found unconscious. They tried to administer aid, but he did not survive. Taylor Garzone, a forensic social worker with New York County Defender Services, described Youngblood as "a kind and well-intentioned man."
  2. George Pagan, 49, was held on Rikers Island because he could not pay bail of $1,006. He was clearly ill, with reports showing that he barely ate and spent his days lying in his bed or on the floor. During the six days before his death, he was not brought to nine scheduled medical appointments, nor was he given the medicine he was prescribed.
  3. Herman Diaz, 52, died after choking on an orange. Fellow incarcerated people tried to offer aid, but were unable to do the Heimlich maneuver. They called for help, but no corrections officers arrived. "I want to know how long did it take for anyone with DOC to get to my brother to help him. Why wasn’t a CO there?” said his brother, Eddie Diaz.
  4. Dashawn Carter, 25, died by suicide after being transferred from a psychiatric hospital directly to general population housing on Rikers Island.
  5. Mary Yehudah , 31, was in custody at the Rose M. Singer Center on Rikers Island when she died. She had been awaiting trial for nearly three months. “We ask that you continually keep us in your prayers,” wrote her sister.
  6. Emmanuel Sullivan, 20, was found unresponsive in his bed in a cell on Rikers Island. He had been awaiting trial for four months and had been due to appear in court the week after he died. “Enough is enough. I am so tired and devastated to hear about the death of Emmanuel Sullivan. It is beyond heartbreaking that we continue to hear about the many fully preventable deaths that have and continue to happen on Rikers Island," said Victor Pate, who was formerly incarcerated on Rikers Island and is now co-director of the #HALTsolitary Campaign.
  7. Anibal Carrasquillo, 39, was found unresponsive in his cell after his housing area in the George R. Viermo Center of Rikers Island. He had complained of chest pain, but corrections officers ignored him, according to incarcerated people who spoke to the Board of Correction.
  8. Albert Drye, 52, passed away in Department of Correction custody at Bellevue Prison Hospital Ward after having been held in Eric M. Taylor Center on Rikers Island. He was sent to the hospital six days after entering the jail. "We again call on elected officials, prosecutors, the courts and other stakeholders to facilitate the decarceration of local jails before another New Yorker has to spend their final moments confined to a cage in a facility grappling with a full-fledged humanitarian crisis," wrote the Legal Aid Society, which represented Drye.
  9. Antonio Bradley, 28, died by suicide at Lincoln Hospital in the Bronx after sustaining his injuries in a courthouse cell. Three days before he died, he had been granted compassionate release.
  10. Elijah Muhammad, 31, died in custody on Rikers Island, prompting the immediate firing of a corrections officer who was involved in the incident. He had been receiving treatment for an unspecified mental illness and, in the days before he died, had spent more than 32 hours in isolation—a violation of department rules. While in isolation, he did not have a bed or access to medical care.
  11. Michael Lopez, 34, died while locked in a mental observation unit. “Their continued decisions to send people into dangerous conditions, and inability to address the root causes of that danger, amount to a refusal to recognize our clients as human beings,” said his attorneys at the Legal Aid Society.
  12. Ricardo Cruciani, 68, died by suicide on Rikers Island on August 15. He had been at the jail complex since July 29.

New York City needs to deliver on its commitment to close Rikers Island and end the persistent human rights abuses of its jails. It also needs to invest in non-carceral public safety solutions—like affordable housing, education, and mental and physical health care—that heal the communities most harmed by mass incarceration. The city should:

  • Focus on decarceration. Mayor Adams and his administration should work with district attorneys, public defenders, judges, and other relevant criminal legal system stakeholders to help keep people from being detained on Rikers Island, instead diverting them to programs and services that address their underlying needs. These leaders should also gather relevant decision-makers to expedite case review and resolution, helping to ensure that people who remain on Rikers aren’t detained there any longer.
  • Expand alternatives to incarceration. Increase funding for evidence-based case management, treatment, rehabilitation, and other support services for people awaiting trial. These programs address root causes, often stemming from mental health or substance use issues, and ensure people show up to court without resorting to jail.
  • Invest in supportive housing. Increase funding for supportive housing that provides stability and helps maintain community safety.
  • Invest in communities. Invest in employment initiatives and other community-based services that connect New Yorkers with educational and economic opportunities.

It is past time for New York City to end the suffering and death on Rikers Island and in its citywide jails. Not one more person should die in horrific conditions while waiting for their day in court.

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