The authors would like to thank the subject matter experts and program stakeholders whose experiences, insights, and recommendations informed the development of this toolkit. The authors would also like to thank all those who assisted in identifying and connecting them with interviewees: Mary Crowley, Derek Loh, Alex Roth, Tara Dhanraj, Melvin Washington II, Elizabeth Swavola, Amy Cross, Kaitlin Kall, and Sandra Harrell.

The authors would like to thank their colleagues whose crucial contributions helped shape this toolkit: Melissa Reuland, Leah G. Pope, Daniela Gilbert, Caroline Walcott, Sandra van den Heuvel, Nina Siulc, and Jim Parsons. They are grateful to Ed Chung and Cindy Reed for their review and comments. A special thank you to Léon Digard, Maris Mapolski, Abbi Leman, and Jac Arnade-Colwill for their editorial support, and to Jill Hubley, Sara Duell, and Michael Mehler for their contributions to design and creative direction.

Photography by Tina Russell, Justin Katigbak, and Amistad Law Project.

This toolkit has been made possible in part by funding from the NFL Foundation and the NFL’s Inspire Change grant program and the Microsoft Justice Reform Initiative.

For more information, please contact Daniela Gilbert, director, Redefining Public Safety, at