All Research & Analysis

Corrections-Based Responses to the Opioid Epidemic

Lessons from New York State's Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution Program

As the opioid crisis has swept the nation, more and more states are equipping their first responders and police officers with naloxone, an overdose antidote that reverses opioid overdoses and can be administered by bystanders with minimal training. This report details the efforts of New York State to implement an overdose education and naloxone dis...

  • Vedan Anthony-North, Leah Pope, Stephanie Pottinger, Izzy Sederbaum
March 22, 2018

Divided Justice

Trends in Black and White Jail Incarceration 1990-2013

Recent data analyses on jail incarceration—taken from Vera’s Incarceration Trends tool—reveal that although significant racial disparities still exist between black and white jail incarceration rates, incarceration rates for black people are declining, while rates for white people are rising. This report dives into the data on black and white incar...

  • Ram Subramanian, Kristi Riley, Chris Mai
February 25, 2018

Safe Alternatives to Segregation Initiative

Findings and Recommendations in Five Jurisdictions

After decades of misuse and overuse, the role of solitary confinement in United States jails and prisons is now being addressed. In recent years, this practice—also known as restrictive housing or segregation—has been the subject of increased scrutiny from researchers, advocates, policymakers, media, and the government agencies responsible for peop...

  • Vedan Anthony-North, David Cloud, Léon Digard, Allison Hastings, Jacob Kang-Brown, Jessi LaChance, Stephen Roberts, Sara Sullivan, Elena Vanko, Jessa Wilcox
December 20, 2017

Report to Tulsa County Stakeholders on Jail Reduction Strategies

Like many counties across the country, Tulsa County, Oklahoma has experienced a dramatic increase in its jail population over the past five decades, with the per capita jail incarceration rate growing nearly 200 percent between 1970 and 2016. In response to concerns about the continued growth of the jail population, its costs to taxpayers, and impa...

  • Nancy Fishman, Rebecca Silber, Kelsey Reid, Stephen Roberts, Navena Chaitoo
December 14, 2017

Minimizing Harm

Public Health and Justice System Responses to Drug Use and the Opioid Crisis

For the Record Evidence Brief SeriesHow government and communities should respond to drug use is a perennial question that has gained a renewed sense of urgency in the face of the current opioid overdose crisis, and annual deaths from overdose have grown more than ninefold since 1980. In addition to the thousands of lives claimed, thousands more Am...

  • Jim Parsons, Scarlet Neath
December 13, 2017

Aging Out

Using Compassionate Release to Address the Growth of Aging and Infirm Prison Populations

Developing effective policies and practices to respond to elderly and infirm prison populations is a critical issue for all state corrections departments, which are facing a growing number of older people in prison and the associated costs of medical care. Through the Justice Reinvestment Initiative (JRI), some states are working to expand a policy...

  • Rebecca Silber, Alison Shames, Kelsey Reid
December 11, 2017