Vera is committed to ending mass incarceration, and a priority is to stop it at its front door—America’s jails. But, even as jail populations have dropped in major cities like New York, Miami, New Orleans, and Albuquerque, they have increased in small and rural county jails. Across the country, there are bipartisan calls to cut our incarcerated population by half. But this is mathematically impossible if the jail incarceration rates in small towns do not take the same downward trajectory as big cities. This project will use detailed local-level data to shift the narrative on our incarceration problem and drive reform.