Ruth currently provides technical assistance to Arkansas and South Carolina through Phase II of the U.S. Department of Justice’s Justice Reinvestment Initiative. In 2011, she and Chris Henrichson co-authored Vera’s Price of Prisons: What Incarceration Costs Taxpayers. Before joining Vera, Ruth worked with organizations devoted to poverty reduction in the United States and to securing rule of law in post-conflict countries. She also held positions in the JEHT Foundation’s criminal and juvenile justice grant programs. Ruth holds a MA in women’s studies from the Graduate Center of the City University of New York and a BA in English from Manhattanville College. She joined Vera in June 2011 as a Program Analyst.